Many different varieties of tomatoes are available due to breeding and hybridization. Cultivars differ in cultivation methods, fruit types, and whether they are heirlooms or modern.
Basic plant growing habits
Determinate tomato plants are bushy and up to 3 feet tall, requiring little support. Most of its crop ripens early and quickly, in just two weeks. After harvest, the determinants begin to turn yellow and produce fewer fruits. The small size of this type makes them handy indoors; their short instant yield makes them suitable for canning and similar purposes.
Indeterminate tomato plants are the most common cultivated tomatoes. These plants are branched and form suckers between stems. Its tall, branching growth can be caged, staked, and trimmed. Fruits are formed regularly, and the life cycle is wider than in a favorable climate. Indeterminate tomatoes are desirable indoors due to the constant supply of fresh fruit. Tomato Mentor educates more on tomatoes.
Semi-determinate plants have growth between determinate and indeterminate types. Three to five feet tall, they are shorter than the indeterminate ones. They also have fewer suckers and need less pruning. Fruits are formed much longer than determinate ones, but not constantly, like indeterminate ones. The smaller plant size and longer yield make them a more practical option than indoor determinants for most people.
The newest type is the dwarf indeterminate, also known as short internode indeterminate. These plants are similar to indeterminate plants in many ways, except they are smaller. The spacing between leaf nodes is shorter, so this plant remains compact at four feet. Like indeterminants, fruits are produced continuously.
Short vines, easy care, and continuous harvesting make it the most exciting option for growing tomatoes indoors. Wild tomatoes once produced marble bowl-sized berries with a few flowers. Cultivated tomatoes have fruits of different sizes, shapes, colors, and tastes.
Fruit size ranges from one-eighth of an ounce to several pounds. The shape can vary from smooth and round to oblong and heart-shaped. Tomato species are often grouped according to size and shape. These include currants, grapes, cherries, plums, pears, peppers, balls, steak, and others.
Tomatoes have many unique and delicious flavors. You can find sweet, sour, plain, fruity, crunchy, smooth, and many more variations. The sugar and acid level primarily determines the taste of tomato in the fruit. The thickness of the fruit and the amount of pulp inside also affect flavor and texture. While individual fruits can vary greatly in taste, taste buds can vary from person to person. There are enough different tomato flavors to satisfy most tastes.
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